“Now, it’s as though we’re perceived, and perceive ourselves, as only a subset of U.S. fiction, lost in its margins and eventually, this dilution of the community of writers plays out in the writing,” she added.
Fears of American hegemony have surrounded the award since the decision was made. They grew as American authors began to dominate the shortlists and longlists, and as two consecutive prizes were awarded to Americans — Paul Beatty in 2016 for “The Sellout” and George Saunders in 2017 for “Lincoln in the Bardo.”
When Mr. Saunders won the prize in October, Lola Young, the chair of judges, dismissed the notion that Americans had colonized Britain’s award, saying: “We don’t look at the nationality of the writer. We’re solely concerned with the book, with what that book is telling us.”
Neither Mr. Beatty nor Mr. Saunders wished to weigh in on the debate, but some American publishers have said that changing the prize’s criteria had taken away an opportunity to learn about new books that they would not have normally come across. Thirty of Britain’s leading publishers signed a letter that was meant to privately urge the Man Booker organizers to reverse the change or risk a “homogenized literary future.”
The Booker Foundation responded to the Folio Academy letter by saying that expanded eligibility rules were intended to allow writers of any nationality, regardless of geography, and not specifically to include Americans.
“The trustees believe that this mission cannot be constrained or compromised by national boundaries,” the Booker Foundation said in a statement.
But with the 2018 Man Booker award approaching (the longlist will be announced in July, and the prize awarded in October), the Rathbones Folio Academy took up the battle, canvassing its 300 members this month. Ninety-nine percent of the members who have responded to the question said that the Booker prize should change its rules again, restoring the former eligibility criteria. (The academy did not release the names of the members who voted.)
Other writers argued that the prize should not be opened to American writers until American awards, such as the Pulitzer and National Book Awards, were opened to British writers.
The Folio group oversees its own literary prize, a rival to the Man Booker, established after the 2011 Man Booker chair of judges, Stella Rimington, stressed “readability” and books that “zip along,” according to The Guardian. The Folio group notably awarded its prize to Mr. Saunders before he won the Man Booker.
Not all British writers and critics oppose the Booker’s expanded criteria, however.
“It seems to be that the Commonwealth isn’t a particularly sensible remit for a book prize that is purporting to be for the English language novel,” said Sam Leith, a Rathbone Folio Academy member who judged the Man Booker Prize in 2015. “The English language itself is a much more obvious constituency for it.”
Mr. Leith said by telephone that he understood why some authors were upset about the decision, but added that it was a form of “cultural cringe” to say that British writers can’t compete with American authors.
“Any judging panel is vulnerable to the ‘names’ of authors — the Booker isn’t judged blind,” Mr. Leith added. “But most of the panels that they select are relatively serious critics who will be able to look at a novel on its merits rather than on the merits of its author.”
As for Mr. Saunders, reached by email, he wrote, “It would be better sportsmanship to stay on the sidelines about this.”